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Daniel Bible

Daniel Bible

Tales of Daniel

The Book of Daniel begins with an introduction telling how Daniel and his companions came to be in Babylon, followed by a set of tales set in the Babylonian and Persian courts, followed in turn by a set of visions in which Daniel sees the remote future of the world and of Israel.The tales in chapters 1–6 can be dated to the 3rd or early 2nd centuries BCE; it is generally accepted that these were expanded by the addition of the visions in chapters 8–12 between 167 and 164 BCE.

In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim, Daniel and his friends Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah were among the young Jewish nobility carried off to Babylon following the capture of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. The four are chosen for their intellect and beauty to be trained in the Babylonian court, and are given new names. Daniel is given the Babylonian name Belteshazzar (Akkadian: , translit. Beltu-šar-uṣur, written as NIN9.LUGAL.ŠEŠ), while his companions are given the Babylonian names Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Daniel and his friends refuse the food and wine provided by the king of Babylon to avoid becoming defiled. They receive wisdom from God and surpass “all the magicians and enchanters of the kingdom.” Nebuchadnezzar dreams of a giant statue made of four metals with feet of mingled iron and clay, smashed by a stone from heaven. Only Daniel is able to interpret it: the dream signifies four kingdoms, of which Babylon is the first, but God will destroy them and replace them with his own kingdom. Nebuchadnezzar dreams of a great tree that shelters all the world and of a heavenly figure who decrees that the tree will be destroyed; again, only Daniel can interpret the dream, which concerns the sovereignty of God over the kings of the earth. When Nebuchadnezzar’s son King Belshazzar uses the vessels from the Jewish temple for his feast, a hand appears and writes a mysterious message on the wall, which only Daniel can interpret; it tells the king that his kingdom will be given to the Medes and Persians, because Belshazzar, unlike Nebuchadnezzar, has not acknowledged the sovereignty of the God of Daniel. The Medes and Persians overthrow Nebuchadnezzar and the new king, Darius the Mede, appoints Daniel to high authority. Jealous rivals attempt to destroy Daniel with an accusation that he worships God instead of the king, and Daniel is thrown into a den of lions, but an angel saves him, his accusers are destroyed, and Daniel is restored to his position.

In the third year of Darius, Daniel has a series of visions. In the first, four beasts come out of the sea, the last with ten horns, and an eleventh horn grows and achieves dominion over the Earth and the “Ancient of Days” (God) gives dominion to “one like a son of man”. An angel interprets the vision. In the second, a ram with two horns is attacked by a goat with one horn; the one horn breaks and is replaced by four. A little horn arises and attacks the people of God and the temple, and Daniel is informed how long the little horn’s dominion will endure. In the third, Daniel is troubled to read in holy scripture (the book is not named but appears to be Jeremiah) that Jerusalem would be desolate for 70 years. Daniel repents on behalf of the Jews and requests that Jerusalem and its people be restored. An angel refers to a period of 70 sevens (or weeks) of years. In the final vision, Daniel sees a period of history culminating in a struggle between the “king of the north” and the “king of the south” in which God’s people suffer terribly; an angel explains that in the end the righteous will be vindicated and God’s kingdom will be established on Earth.

Source : youtube @The Bible Project & en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_(biblical_figure)

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約伯記

約伯記

約伯記 Job 約伯記的序言 (覆蓋《約伯記》第1章第1節至第5節參)這部分介紹約伯的背景,透露他為人“完全正直,敬畏上帝,遠離惡事”。約伯生活幸福,生了七個兒子,三個女兒。他家道豐富,牛畜成群,僕婢盈門,“在東方人中就為至大”。 (《約伯記》第1章第1節至第3節參)然而,他並不崇尚物質,也沒有倚賴財富。他在靈性上甚為富足,為人樂善好施,肯慷慨扶助困苦的人,常把衣裳贈送給有需要的人。 [15]人人都敬重他。約伯敬拜真神耶和華,拒絶像外邦人一樣膜拜太陽、月亮、星宿;他對耶和華保持忠信,緊守忠誠而與上帝享有親密的關係。 [16]約伯是家中的祭司,家裏若有人犯了罪,他便向上帝獻上燔燒祭物。 撒但向上帝挑戰 (覆蓋《約伯記》第1章第6節參-《約伯記》第2章第13節參)天上隱形事物的神奇地被揭開了。耶和華在天上臨朝,上帝的眾子侍立在旁,撒但也在其中。耶和華提及他的忠僕約伯,撒但卻就約伯的忠誠向上帝挑戰,指控約伯只為了物質利益才事奉上帝。上帝若容許他把約伯所擁有的一切都奪去,約伯必定會捨棄忠誠。耶和華接受撒但的挑戰,但不准他傷害約伯的身體。 對此毫不知情的約伯開始遭受一連串的災殃打擊。示巴人和迦勒底人攻擊他,掠走了他大量的財物。他的兒女在一場風暴中全部罹難。這些猛烈的考驗並未能使約伯動搖,令他轉而咒詛離棄上帝。相反,他説:“耶和華的名是應當稱頌的。”[17]在第一個回合證明虛謊失敗的撒但再來到耶和華面前指控説:“人以皮代皮,情願捨去一切所有的,保全性命。”[18]撒但聲稱只要他能夠傷害約伯的身體,他就可以使約伯當面棄掉上帝。上帝任憑撒但傷害約伯的身體,但不准他奪去約伯的性命。於是撒但使約伯染上一種非常可怕的疾病。他的“肉體以蟲子和塵土為衣”,他的肉和口發出惡臭,以致妻子親友都厭惡他。 [19]妻子看見約伯仍然緊守忠誠,遂催逼他説:“你仍然持守你的純正[“忠誠”,《中文聖經現代譯本》]嗎?你棄掉上帝,死了吧!”約伯斥責妻子,他並不“以口犯罪”。 [20] 撒但接著利用約伯的三個朋友去“安慰”他。他們是以利法,比勒達和瑣法。他們起初遠遠觀看,認不出約伯來,就放聲大哭,把塵土撒在自己的頭上。然後他們跟他一同席地而坐,不發一言。經過七天七夜的無言“安慰”之後,約伯終於打破沉默,跟這些所謂同情慰解他的人展開一場冗長的辯論。 [21]

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