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Ecclesiastes

Bible Overview: Ecclesiastes

Ecclesiastes (/ɪˌkliːziˈæstiːz/; Hebrew: קֹהֶלֶת, qōheleṯ, Greek: Ἐκκλησιαστής, Ekklēsiastēs) is one of 24 books of the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible, where it is classified as one of the Ketuvim (or “Writings”). Originally written c. 450–200 BCE, it is also among the canonical Wisdom Books in the Old Testament of most denominations of Christianity. The title Ecclesiastes is a Latin transliteration of the Greek translation of the Hebrew Kohelet, the pseudonym used by the author of the book.

In traditional Jewish texts and throughout church history (up to the 18th and 19th centuries), King Solomon is named as the author, but modern scholars reject this. Textually, the book is the musings of a King of Jerusalem as he relates his experiences and draws lessons from them, often self-critical. The author, who is not named anywhere in the book, or in the whole of the Bible, introduces a “Kohelet” whom he identifies as the son of David (1:1). The author does not use his own “voice” throughout the book again until the final verses (12:9–14), where he gives his own thoughts and summarises what “the Kohelet” has spoken. It emphatically proclaims all the actions of man to be inherently “hevel,” a word meaning “vain”, “futile”, […] as the lives of both wise and foolish men end in death. While Qoheleth clearly endorses wisdom as a means for a well-lived earthly life, he is unable to ascribe eternal meaning to it. In light of this perceived senselessness, he suggests that one should enjoy the simple pleasures of daily life such as eating, drinking, and taking enjoyment in one’s work, which are gifts from the hand of God. The book concludes with the injunction: “Fear God, and keep his commandments; for that is the whole duty of everyone” (12:13).

Source: youtube @The Bible Project and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecclesiastes

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帖撒羅尼迦後書

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帖撒羅尼迦後書 2 Thessalonians (粵語) 主要內容 耶穌顯現 (覆蓋帖撒羅尼迦後書1:1-12)。保羅和他的同伴因帖撒羅尼迦人在信心和彼此相愛方面有良好進步而感謝上帝。他們在逼迫之下所表現的忍耐和信心正是上帝的正義判決的明證,表明他們可算是配得上帝的王國(The kingdom of God)。上帝會報應那些逼迫他們的人,為受苦的人帶來舒解。這件事會發生在‘主耶穌攜同手下大能的天使從天上火焰中顯現,降臨要在聖徒身上得榮耀’的時候。 (帖撒羅尼迦後書1:7,10)保羅和同伴常為帖撒羅尼迦人祈求,願上帝算他們配得所蒙的恩召,叫主耶穌的名在他們身上得榮耀,他們也與他保持合一。 耶穌臨在之前先有叛道的事發生 (覆蓋帖撒羅尼迦後書2:1-12)。若有人説耶和華的日子已來到,弟兄們不應因此而激動。 “因為那日子以前,必有離道反教的事,並有那大罪人,就是[滅亡]之子,顯露出來。”他們現在知道“那攔阻他的是甚麽”,可是,這不法的奧秘已經發動了。攔阻的被除去之後,“那時這不法的人必顯露出來。主耶穌要用口中的氣滅絶他,用降臨的榮光廢掉他。”不法之人的出現是由撒但所行的異能和詭詐加以策動的。至於那些不願接受真理的人,上帝容許他們有錯誤的心,相信虛謊的話。 [3]

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