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Gospel of Luke Chapter 1-9

Gospel of Luke Chapter 1-9

Luke–Acts: unity, authorship and date

See also: Authorship of Luke–Acts

The gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles make up a two-volume work which scholars call Luke–Acts.[12] Together they account for 27.5% of the New Testament, the largest contribution by a single author, providing the framework for both the Church’s liturgical calendar and the historical outline into which later generations have fitted their idea of the story of Jesus.[13]

The author is not named in either volume.[5] According to a Church tradition dating from the 2nd century he was the Luke named as a companion of Paul in three of the letters attributed to Paul himself, but “a critical consensus emphasizes the countless contradictions between the account in Acts and the authentic Pauline letters (Theissen and Merz 1998, p.32).”[6] (An example can be seen by comparing Acts’ accounts of Paul’s conversion (Acts 9:1–31, 22:6–21, and 26:9–23) with Paul’s own statement that he remained unknown to Christians in Judea after that event (Galatians 1:17–24).)[14] He admired Paul, but his theology was significantly different from Paul’s on key points and he does not (in Acts) represent Paul’s views accurately.[15] He was educated, a man of means, probably urban, and someone who respected manual work, although not a worker himself; this is significant, because more high-brow writers of the time looked down on the artisans and small business-people who made up the early church of Paul and were presumably Luke’s audience.[16] Analysis of the Gospel presents the possibility that Luke may have been a woman.[17]

Structure of Luke’s Gospel

Following the author’s preface addressed to his patron and the two birth narratives (John the Baptist and Jesus), the gospel opens in Galilee and moves gradually to its climax in Jerusalem:[27]

A brief preface addressed to Theophilus stating the author’s aims; Birth and infancy narratives for both Jesus and John the Baptist, interpreted as the dawn of the promised era of Israel’s salvation; Preparation for Jesus’ messianic mission: John’s prophetic mission, his baptism of Jesus, and the testing of Jesus’ vocation; The beginning of Jesus’ mission in Galilee, and the hostile reception there; The central section: the journey to Jerusalem, where Jesus knows he must meet his destiny as God’s prophet and messiah; His mission in Jerusalem, culminating in confrontation with the leaders of the Jewish Temple; His last supper with his most intimate followers, followed by his arrest, interrogation, and crucifixion; God’s validation of Jesus as Christ: events from the first Easter to the Ascension, showing Jesus’ death to be divinely ordained, in keeping with both scriptural promise and the nature of messiahship, and anticipating the story of Acts.

Source:

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gospel_of_Luke
youtube.com @TheBibleProject

 

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哥林多後書 2 Corinthians

哥林多後書 2 Corinthians

哥林多後書 2 Corinthians (粵語) 主要內容 從“賜各樣安慰的上帝”獲得幫助 (覆蓋哥林多後書1:1-2:11)在開頭的問候裏,保羅提及提摩太也有分致意。保羅説:“願頌讚歸與……發慈悲的父,賜各樣安慰的上帝。我們在一切患難中,他就安慰我們,”使我們可以進一步安慰別人。雖然保羅和同伴曾經遭受極大的壓力,有過生命的危險,上帝卻救了他們。哥林多人也可以幫助他們,為他們禱告。保羅對自己的真誠和上帝的非配得仁慈深具信心,因此憑著這種信心寫信給他們。上帝的應許藉著耶穌都成為“是”了;上帝也膏了那些屬基督的人,賜給他們心裏的“聖靈”作為“憑據”。 保羅在第一封信第五章所談及的男子看來已被逐出會眾。他已經真正悔改而表現憂傷。是故保羅吩咐哥林多人要衷誠寬恕懺悔者,向之表現愛心。 符合作新約服事者的資格 (覆蓋哥林多後書2:12-6:10)保羅把自己和哥林多的基督徒比作在基督的凱旋行列中。 (哥林多人很熟悉當日凱旋行列的馨香之氣,因為每逢軍隊勝利歸來時,人民便沿途焚香而發出這種香氣。)保羅肯定地指出:“我們不……為利混亂上帝的道。”

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