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Revelation Ch. 12-22

Revelation Ch. 12-22


• In chapters 1-3, John describes the details of the setting as he received this revelation (unveiling of truth). John was elderly and imprisoned on the Island of Patmos when he received an apocalyptic vision from an angel. With this vision he was instructed to write to seven churches about what he had seen. Revelation 1:19, describes a basic outline of the entire letter written by John, “Therefore write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after these things” this is the pattern that is followed by John. He describes of the seven churches their qualities and/or their weaknesses and failings (such as Sardis and Laodicea).

• In chapters 4-20, John depicts what he sees in his vision about the Spiritual Realm. He describes Jesus Christ as the “Slain Lamb” who is the only one able to open the book with 7 seals. Aside from the 5th seal, each will bring a judgment upon the populace of the Earth. The 7th seal introduces 7 angels who each possess 7 trumpets, another series of daunting judgments. Incredibly, after the 6th trumpet in which 1/3 of the Earth’s population is killed, John claims, “The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, DID NOT REPENT’ (9:20).

After this, John receives visions of which include the antichrist and Satan who is aware of his looming end. Next, John describes 7 more angles that will each carry 7 bowls of plagues to be poured onto the Earth. Again, amazingly, while hail is raining from heaven during the 7th plague, humankind does not repent but instead, “men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, because its plague was extremely severe” (16:21).

These fierce plagues demonstrate the wrath of God’s holy judgment upon the still wicked Earth.

John describes the eternality of Hell, the final resting place of the unbelieving. In 19:20, the antichrist and the false prophet are cast into the Lake of Fire. One thousand years later after the millennium reign of Jesus Christ in 20:10, the devil is also cast into the Lake of Fire. We also see that the antichrist and the false prophet are still in torment, “day and night forever and ever” because John describes Hell as an eternal place of conscious torment.

• Finally, in chapters 21-22, John writes the last of the cannon of Scripture. Here he describes the New Heaven and the New Earth. In it is the holy city of the New Jerusalem. There will no longer be any crying or tears, pain, mourning, or death because, “the first things have passed away” (21:1). Only those who are written in the Lamb’s book of life can enter this place to live eternally with Jesus Christ who sits on His throne. “Come.”And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who wishes take the water of life without cost” (22:17).

“Behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to render to every man according to what he has done. “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.” (22:12-13).

Source: The Bible Project &

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約伯記 Job 約伯記的序言 (覆蓋《約伯記》第1章第1節至第5節參)這部分介紹約伯的背景,透露他為人“完全正直,敬畏上帝,遠離惡事”。約伯生活幸福,生了七個兒子,三個女兒。他家道豐富,牛畜成群,僕婢盈門,“在東方人中就為至大”。 (《約伯記》第1章第1節至第3節參)然而,他並不崇尚物質,也沒有倚賴財富。他在靈性上甚為富足,為人樂善好施,肯慷慨扶助困苦的人,常把衣裳贈送給有需要的人。 [15]人人都敬重他。約伯敬拜真神耶和華,拒絶像外邦人一樣膜拜太陽、月亮、星宿;他對耶和華保持忠信,緊守忠誠而與上帝享有親密的關係。 [16]約伯是家中的祭司,家裏若有人犯了罪,他便向上帝獻上燔燒祭物。 撒但向上帝挑戰 (覆蓋《約伯記》第1章第6節參-《約伯記》第2章第13節參)天上隱形事物的神奇地被揭開了。耶和華在天上臨朝,上帝的眾子侍立在旁,撒但也在其中。耶和華提及他的忠僕約伯,撒但卻就約伯的忠誠向上帝挑戰,指控約伯只為了物質利益才事奉上帝。上帝若容許他把約伯所擁有的一切都奪去,約伯必定會捨棄忠誠。耶和華接受撒但的挑戰,但不准他傷害約伯的身體。 對此毫不知情的約伯開始遭受一連串的災殃打擊。示巴人和迦勒底人攻擊他,掠走了他大量的財物。他的兒女在一場風暴中全部罹難。這些猛烈的考驗並未能使約伯動搖,令他轉而咒詛離棄上帝。相反,他説:“耶和華的名是應當稱頌的。”[17]在第一個回合證明虛謊失敗的撒但再來到耶和華面前指控説:“人以皮代皮,情願捨去一切所有的,保全性命。”[18]撒但聲稱只要他能夠傷害約伯的身體,他就可以使約伯當面棄掉上帝。上帝任憑撒但傷害約伯的身體,但不准他奪去約伯的性命。於是撒但使約伯染上一種非常可怕的疾病。他的“肉體以蟲子和塵土為衣”,他的肉和口發出惡臭,以致妻子親友都厭惡他。 [19]妻子看見約伯仍然緊守忠誠,遂催逼他説:“你仍然持守你的純正[“忠誠”,《中文聖經現代譯本》]嗎?你棄掉上帝,死了吧!”約伯斥責妻子,他並不“以口犯罪”。 [20] 撒但接著利用約伯的三個朋友去“安慰”他。他們是以利法,比勒達和瑣法。他們起初遠遠觀看,認不出約伯來,就放聲大哭,把塵土撒在自己的頭上。然後他們跟他一同席地而坐,不發一言。經過七天七夜的無言“安慰”之後,約伯終於打破沉默,跟這些所謂同情慰解他的人展開一場冗長的辯論。 [21]

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